CHAPTER 1. On the
Sociology of Deviance, Erikson
The Four Functions of Deviance:
1. Cohesion, Solidarity, & Integration
2. Boundary Maintenance/Definition
3. Social Change
4. Full Employment
Three Ways that
Institutions Perpetuate Deviance
1. Gather marginal people into groups
2. Teach them the skills and attitudes of a deviant career
3. Reinforce alienation from society
~Integrating Normative and Reactivist Definitions of
~Integrating Normative and Reactivist Definitions of Deviance
4 Types of Deviance
1. Negative Deviance
2. Rate Busting
3. Deviance Admiration
4. Positive Deviance
Typology of Deviance Applied to Ten Middle-Class Norms
Each of these types of deviance applied to these 10 norms:
- Group Loyalty/Apostasy
- Group Loyalty/Fanatism
- Group Loyalty/Rebellion
- Group Loyalty/Altruism
CHAPTER 3. Becker, Relativism: Labeling Theory
1. Variation over time
2. Who commits it/who feels harmed by it
3. Variations in consequences
CHAPTER 4: Natural
Law and the Sociology of Deviance
~What does this say about society?
~What does this say about how we view the world?
~What are the implications of the culture of individualism vs. a common moral order?
Defining Deviance Down and Up
~ Experts vs. Common Sense
The Medicalization of Deviance
~deviance as sickness
Absolutist Perspective on Deviance:
~What is Natural Law?
defined over time (at all times)
applied in all places
3. Arise from objective sources such as nature or God
What does the
conservative view have in common with these other radical views?
Nature and Morality
Cult of Individualism vs. strong Common Moral Order
and Sacred Order
~When should deviance be viewed as a "sin" as opposed to a "sickness" and what are the implications?
Psychological Man vs. Christian Man
How do these two types relate to a value-free society? To the role of experts vs. common sense?